Dada art was a protest in Europe in World War I. This movement rebelled against traditional thought by using absurd images and collages that appear to have no significance. It tended to mock materialism and nationalism. Jean Arp was a notable founder of this movement.
Art Nouveau is a style characterized by elegance and curving lines and was primarily used as a decorative art. It was inspired by natural shapes and forms. It is commonly rooted back to William Morris.
Abstract Expressionism is an art form in which the artist expresses emotions and thoughts without any distinguishable objects, but purely through the use of color and form. It comes from America after the second world war. One of the most notable artists of this movement is Willem de Kooning.
German Expressionism is an art movement in Germany during the early 20th century, is an be seen in many different art forms, from painting to film. Heinrich Campendonk was a German Expressionist known for his fairy tale-like paintings and scenes.
Op Art is an art style that uses math, distortion of depth, and repetition of simple shapes in order to create optical illusions of movement and other visual effects. Often times, works in this style only rely of black and white for colors. Bridget Riley was as popular artist in this movement.
Pop art is an art form which uses everyday imagery, in which elements are isolated and some unrelated ones are put together. It is most commonly found in advertisement and other consumer related imagery. The most famous artist from this movement was Andy Warhol.
My own abstract expressionist paintings.